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KILIMANJARO ROUTES
Selecting the route best suited for you is the first step in ensuring a successful climb. Mt. Kilimanjaro is divided into
two halves by a line running north/south between Barafu Camp and Kibo Hut. All climbers who ascend the
Machame, Shira, Lemosho, and Umbwe routes must descend Mweka route. All climbers ascending Rongai and
Marangu routes must descend on the Marangu Route.
The Marangu Route is the only two-way route; all other routes are one way only. Climbers from the Rongai and
Marangu routes only meet climbers from the other routes on the Kibo Crater rim. This system is effective in reducing
the impact of large numbers of climbers on all routes except the Marangu Route.
Climbers on Machame, Shira, Lemosho, and Umbwe routes may approach the summit via the Western Breach or to
skirt around to Barafu and climb up to Stella Point.
Climbing Kibo Peak via the routes described below requires no mountaineering skills. A guide for each climbing
party is required. Porters are highly recommended. The Marangu and the Machame routes are the most popular,
carrying 85% of all climbers, while the Shira Plateau, Lemosho, Rongai and Umbwe routes are much less used.
Climbers overnight in basic mountain huts on the Marangu Route and in small portable mountain tents carried by
porters on the other routes. Your porters will bring fuel (kerosene or gas) for cooking and heating as cooking with
firewood has been banned. The national park guides are not qualified to lead glacier or ice-climbing routes,
however, the climb is not technical. The services of a professional guide must be arranged in advance.
The park has rescue teams based at the Park Headquarters, on the eastern edge of the Shira Plateau and another
beneath Barafu Campsite, and a ranger post at Rongai Camp 1.

Meals:
Your daily diet while on the mountain is one of the most essential elements in ensuring a successful climb.
Unfortunately, this is an element often overlooked by many budget operators. With
Pawa Rafiki Tours & Safaris LTD
we choose the ingredients carefully to ensure that the food prepared by our team is tasty, easy to digest at altitude,
and has a high energy content. Our meals consist of a high level of liquid and carbohydrates, two essential elements
for successful climbing. We accept most special dietary requests. Please read below for a sample daily menu.
Breakfast:
- Eggs with bacon and tomato/cucumber
- Oatmeal
- Seasonal fresh fruit
- Toast with margarine, jam, and honey
- Tea, coffee, Milo or hot chocolate
Snacks:
- Energy snacks such as biscuits, bananas, flapjacks, and chocolate bars
Packed or Hot Lunch:
- Sandwiches with cheese and jam or meat
- Fresh fruit, hard boiled egg, and cake
- Hot soup
- Bread or pancakes
- Cheese, canned fish, jam and peanut butter
- - Salad or mixed vegetables
- Peanuts or popcorn
- Variety of hot drinks
Dinner:
- Soup
- Chicken, beef, or fish prepared in sauce
- Fresh vegetables
- Potatoes, chips, rice, and pastas
- Fresh fruits
- Pancakes or biscuits
- Variety of hot drinks

Guides:
Your guide will be the most essential element in your your climb. One of the biggest reasons climbers who use
Pawa
Rafiki Tours & Safaris LTD
have a 90% success rate is because of the experience of local guides. We use only
experienced and highly trained local guides. Depending on your group size, you will be accompanied by an
assistant guide and full support team of porters and cooks.

Best Times to Climb:
You can climb throughout the year, however, we recommend you avoid the rainy seasons of Apr-May and Nov. The
ideal months are Dec-Mar and Jun-Sept.

Clothing and Equipment:
It is very important to have appropriate equipment for the ascent. It is frustrating to be uncomfortable, inconvenienced
or unable to do all you want because of improper equipment, and it can even be dangerous.
The better equipped you are for the climb the better your chances of making the summit! A recommended
equipment link is on the bottom of this page.


MARANGU - THE COCA COLA ROUTE
Day 1: Arrival, transfer to hotel, Dinner and Overnight.
Day 2: Drive to Kilimanjaro National Park Gate to start ascent through the rain Forest to Mandara Hut (8,858 ft /2700m).
Overnight stay in Huts.
Day 3: Leave glades of forest and follow ascending path on the moorlands to Horombo Hut (12,139 ft /3700m),
overnight in huts.
Day 4: Ascend to the "last water point" walking on the saddle between Kibo and Mawenzi Peaks arriving at Kibo Hut
(15,420 ft. / 4700m), for overnight in huts.
Day 5:Start for the summit early, going through steep and heavy scree to Gillman's Point (18, 638 ft/ 5681m). This is
the rim of the crater, followed by an ascent to Uhuru Peak which is the highest point in Africa (19,341 ft / 5895m).
Descend back to Horombo Hut (12, 139 ft / 3700m) for overnight stay.
Day 6: Final descent to the National Park gates. Drive to Moshi for overnight.


MACHAME - THE WHISKEY ROUTE
Day 1: Arrival, transfer to hotel, Dinner and Overnight.
Day 2: Ascent begins at the park gate (5,906 ft / 1800m) with a trek through the forest to first Machame Camp ( 9,843 ft
/ 3000m) for overnight camping.
Day 3: Crossing of the little valley and up the steep rock ridges, turning west to a river gorge, reaching Shira Camp (
12,664 ft / 3860m) for a camping overnight.
Day 4: Ascend towards the east turning south to the glacier streams to Barranco Camp (acclimatization point) for
overnight camping.
Day 5: Ascent up to Barafu Camp (15,092 ft / 4600m ). Overnight camping.
Day 6: Early start for the summit Uhuru Peak highest point in Africa (19,341 ft / 5895m), thereon descend down to
Mweka Camp ( 10,171 ft / 3100m.) Overnight.
Day 7: Descend to Mweka Gate 5,906 ft / 1800m), drive back to Moshi (1,903 ft / 850 m) Dinner and overnight at hotel.


UMBWE ROUTE
Day 1: Arrival and transfer to hotel for dinner and overnight
Day 1: Arrival, transfer to hotel, Dinner and Overnight.
Day 2: Ascent begins at the park gate (5,906 ft / 1800m) with a trek through the forest to first Machame Camp 9,843 ft /
3000m) for overnight camping.
Day 3: Crossing of the little valley and up the steep rock ridges, turning west to a river gorge, reaching Shira Camp
(12,664 ft / 3860m) for a camping over night.
Day 4: Ascend towards the east turning south to the glacier streams to Barranco Camp (acclimatization point) for
overnight camping.
Day 5: Ascent up to Barafu Camp (15,092 ft / 4600m) overnight camping.
Day 6: Early start for the summit Uhuru Peak highest point in Africa (19,341 ft /5895m), thereon descend down to
Mweka Camp (10,171 ft / 3100m). Overnight
Day 7: Descend to Mweka Gate (5,906 ft / 1800m), drive back to Moshi (1,903 ft / 850 m). Dinner and overnight at
hotel.


LEMOSHO ROUTE
Day 1: Arrival from Nairobi or Kilimanjaro International Airport, and transferred to your hotel in Moshi. Evening briefing
to prepare for climb followed by group dinner, and overnight at hotel.
Day 2: Transfer to Lemosho Glades (6,890 ft /2100m), walk to Mti Mkubwa (9,022 ft /2750m) where camp is set for
dinner and over night stay.
Day 3: After breakfast the group slowly starts trekking through the Giant Heather Moorland Zone where the path
crosses through valleys and a few streams before ascending the Shira Ridge, dinner and overnight at Shira 1
(12,664 ft/3860m).
Day 4: Depart Shira 1 for a short day's walk to Shira 2, where we pitch camp for dinner and overnight.
Day 5: Depart Shira 2 along the trail into the Alpine Desert gradually rising to the Kibo peak, after reaching Buttress
point, path drops down to the Barranco Hut (6 hours walking). Dinner and overnight stay at Barranco Hut (3950m).
Day 6: Leave through the great Barranco Valley and up the Barranco wall; then trek on the South Circuit path through
the Karanga Valley. Then slowly trek (7 hours) to Barafu Hut (15,092 ft /4600m), view Kibo and Mawenzi peaks.
Dinner and overnight stay at Barafu Hut.
Day 7: Midnight start to a 6-7 hour hike to Stella Point (18,816 ft /5735m) in order to see the sunrise. From Stella Point
it is a 1 hour to Uhuru Peak (19,341 ft/ 5895m) and the roof of Africa. We then descend down to Mweka Hut for dinner
and overnight stay.
Day 8: An easy day walking to Mweka gate, transfer to hotel. Evening dinner at local Moshi venue to celebrate the
success. Overnight stay at a Moshi hotel.
Day 9: Morning departure for those catching Nairobi flight, afternoon departure for those flying from Kilimanjaro
International.


RONGAI ROUTE

Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and on a clear morning can offer a panoramic view from the "Roof of
Africa" down to the surrounding plains. The Rongai route is the most scenic.
Day 1-2: Travel. On arrival transfer from Arusha to hotel on the slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro, overnight Kibo Hotel.
Day 3: Transfer to trailhead to begin climb, climb through forest, overnight Forest Edge Camp.
Day 4: 3-4 hour steep climb up grassy slopes, overnight Kikelewa Caves Camp.
Day 5: Hike 6-7 hours through Moorland zone, overnight Mawenzi Tarn Camp.
Day 6: 5-6 hours hike across the lunar desert to the bottom of the crater wall, overnight School Camp.
Day 7: Begin final ascent around 1AM to Uhuru Peak, returning to Kibo Camp to rest then onward to next camp
(11-15 hours walking), overnight Horombo Hut.
Day 8: 5-6 hour steady decent to trailhead, transfer to Kibo Hotel for overnight.